Knit Knitting yarns and patterns

needlepoint Needlepoint canvas

Olympia wool latch hook rug Round Wool Latchhook Rug Kit

Preworked Needlepoint Prework Needlepoint

Preworked Needlepoint Needlepoint Stools

Knitting Tips, Frequently asked questions and useful
knitting instructions.

Average Yarn Requirements. Please note, grams or ounces are NOT the figure you need to pay attention to. You knit by yardage, not by how much it weighs. A note on yarn size terms:The terms used here are accepted American terms. The words really don't mean anything. For instance "worsted" in reality means made from wool, carded and combed. Also, Ply doesn't mean a thing to gauge. A 4 ply yarn to the English means our fingering weight, to Americans it means worsted weight. Ply is how many strands is spun together to make the yarn. In some yarns today it can be over 30, and still be 4.5 stitches to the inch. Of course, for those of you who are accountants or engineers, you can do a swatch with 10 yards of yarn in the pattern you are going to use - figure the square inches. Then figure the square inches of your finished garment. The total yardage needed will be garment square inches divided by swatch area, times 10 yards. Wouldn't you rather just knit?
US 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 10.5 11 13 15 17 19 35 50
Met 2 2.25 2.50 2.75 3 3.25 3.5 3.75 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 9 10 12.75 15 20 25
UK 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 00 000
Ladies scarves scarves socks socks Vest Vest Vest Sweater Sweater Sweater
  8" x 54" 6" x 40" 9.5" 10.5" 34" 38" 42" 32"/34" 36"/38" 40"/42"
Fingering     325 425 850 1,000 1,400 1,625 1,950 2,100
Sport 700 350 250 325 650 775 850 1,300 1,400 16500
Worsted 380 190 250 300 550 650 800 1,000 1,200 1,300
Bulky 250 125 175 225 425 500 600 900 1,000 1,100
Men's Socks Socks Scarf Vest Vest Vest Vest Sweater Swt Swt Swt
  10.5 11.5 6"x50" 36" 40" 44" 48" 36" 40" 44" 48"
Fingering 425 525 550 950 1,125 1,300 1,450 1,800 2,100 2,500 2,700
Sport 325 400 450 700 850 950 1,100 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000
Worsted 300 350 250 600 750 850 950 1,200 1,300 1,500 1,700
Bulky 225 275 150 450 550 650 700 1,000 1,100 1,200 1,400
Home Decor Afghan Afghan Throw Pillow
  60" x 60" 48" x 60" 40" x 40" 18" x 18"
Sport 3,150 2,500 1,400 475
Worsted 2,660 2,100 1,200 275
Bulky 1,875 1,500 850 175
Baby's Size 3 months 6 months 12 months 18 months 24 months
Chest 16" /40.5 cm 17" 43cm 18" /45.5cm 19" /48cm 20" /50.5cm
Center Back
(neck to cuff)
10.5" 26.5cm 11.5" /29cm 12.5" /31.5cm 14" /35.5cm 18" /45.5cm
Back
(Waist Length)
6" /15.5cm 7" /17.5cm 7.5" /19cm 8" /20.5cm 8.5" /21.5cm
Cross Back
(Shoulder to Shoulder)
7.25" 18.5cm 7.75" /19.5cm 8.25" /21cm 8.5" /21.5cm 8.75" /22cm
Sleeve
(Length to Underarm)
6" /15.5cm 6.5"/16.5 7.5" /19cm 8" /20.5cm 8.5" /21.5cm

Child's Size 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Chest 21" 23" 25" 26.5" 28" 30" 31.5" 32.5"
Center Back
(neck to cuff)
18" 19.5" 20.5" 22" 24" 26" 27" 28"
Back
(Waist Length)
8.5" 9.5" 10.5" 12.5" 14" 15" 15.5" 16"
Cross Back
(Shoulder to Shoulder)
9.25" 9.75" 10.25" 10.75" 11.25" 12" 12.25" 13"
Sleeve
(Length to Underarm)
8.5" 10.5" 11.5" 12.5" 13.5" 15" 16" 16.5"

Kids Yardage Socks Socks Socks Blanket Vests Vests Vests Sweater Sweater Sweater Sweater
  5" 6.5" 8" 40"x40" 24" 28" 32" 22" 24" 28" 32"
Fingering 150 225 275 1,750 400 550 750 650 750 1,200 1,450
Sport 125 175 225 1,400 300 400 600 500 600 950 1,100
Worsted 125 150 200 1,200 250 350 500 425 500 750 950
Bulky 100 125 150 850 175 250 400 350 400 650 800

These are general rules for sizes, gauges and cast on for basic hats.

Hat Premie Baby Toddler Child Woman Man
Circumference 12" 14" 16" 18" 20" 22"
Gauge= 7 Sts = 1" 84 98 112 126 140 154
Gauge= 5.5 Sts =1" 66 77 88 99 110 121
Gauge= 4 Sts = 1" 48 56 64 72 80 88
Gauge= 3.5 Sts = 1" 42 49 56 63 70 77
Gauge= 2.5 Sts = 1" 30 35 40 45 50 55

Gauge is Everything

The only time it is not important is when you don't care how it fits.

All patterns are based on an average gauge, knit on the recommended needle size for a particular yarn. That might not be you. Always take that boring little time to do a gauge. It should be 4" by 4" in the same stitch the pattern gauge is made. Measure carefully in the middle of the swatch.

If you are trying to knit a sweater 40" around, and the recommended stitch gauge is 4 Sts = 1", but your gauge is 4 1/2 Sts = Your sweater will be almost 7" too small. Here is how that works.

40" (width) X 4 Sts to the inch = 160 Sts. The front or back cast on would be 80 Sts.

40" (width X 4.5 Sts to the inch = 190 Sts. The front or back cast on would be 95 Sts.

If your gauge is incorrect you may change needle size to try to adjust it, if you keep within one size. NEVER keep changing the needle until you get the gauge. Change the pattern instead. You may be attempting to work a yarn that is just not workable at that stitch gauge. Perhaps the patterns calls for 3 Sts = 1 inch., and you are trying to get that on a worsted weight yarn. If you manage - you will get a garment that droops, won't hold its shape or you could go in the other direction and knit a garment that is so stiff it will stand on it's own in a wind storm.

CAST ON = STITCHES TO THE INCH X WIDTH